Differences in Direct Geothermal Energy Utilization for Heating and Cooling in Central and Northern European Countries
Paper “Differences in Direct Geothermal Energy Utilization for Heating and Cooling in Central and Northern European Countries” published in energies.
In 2021, almost 50% of the energy used globally was used for heat production, and geothermal energy is a source that can replace fossil energy for this use. Technical solutions to the challenges faced by this mature technology are known to a large degree. Still, there are differences with respect to how much geothermal heating is employed in different parts of Europe, differences which may be partly explained by societal differences directly related to geothermal energy. These are the topics investigated in a recent article from the project. The findings illustrate that to mitigate climate change and drive the energy transition forward, both technical and societal factors related to various renewable energy sources must be assessed.